The great wildebeest migration is one of the most phenomenal natural spectacles in the world. Contrary to popular belief; the Wildebeest Migration is in fact an all year round event; with each time of the year offering a unique wildlife viewing experience. The migration encompasses about 2 million wildebeests, quarter a million zebras and half a million gazelles including the other plains game.
The migration is an endless pilgrimage in constant search for food and water. The movement is trailed by predators including lion, cheetah, leopard and hyena.
Each year around the same time, the circular great migration begins in the Ngorongoro Conservation area in the Southern Serengeti of Tanzania and loops in a clockwise direction through the Serengeti National Park to the Masai Mara Game Reserve in Kenya.
Between December to March the herds are situated in Ndutu area and East of Seronera area within the Serengeti in Tanzania. During February, the Wildebeests are situated on the short grass plains on the South Eastern part of the Serengeti eco-system. It is here they give birth to about half a million calves within a 2 to 3 week period.
During April the rains end and the herds move Northwards for fresh pasture and onto areas aound Grumeti River and remain here up to the end of June. By now calves born in February are 4 months old and are strong enough to trek across the plains.
May is the mating season; they breed at the same time ensuring that the calving season will happen at the same time in February the following year.
During July to October the herds are at Masai Mara. It is here they mow down the long grass making it palatable to short grass eaters. The Mara River bisects the Savannah forming a formidable obstacle to cross especially for the older, weaker and the very young. Predators lie in wait, making this a game viewing spectacle.
During November the herds head South to Serengeti from Masai Mara through the Lobo area reaching the Southern Serengeti during December. By year’s end the herd is at Ndutu in Southern Serengeti ready to begin the whole process again.